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Sequencer

The sequencer page makes it possible to completely plan and customize an imaging run based on specific needs for each user by giving the capability to plan on a very granular level. Equipment can be controlled step by step with various available instructions and each instruction can be further customized by specific parameters for each one.
The main area will contain the actual instructions. There it is possible to add the instructions, customize the parameters and see the progress of the sequencer.
On the bottom left it is possible to save and load a complete sequence run while on the bottom right it is possible to start and stop a sequence.
The right sidebar will show all available instructions as well as templates. These are described in more detail below. Overview

Everything inside the sequencer page is enabled to use drag and drop. For example an instruction can be grabbed by holding the left mouse button and then dragged into the sequencer area to add an instruction at the mouse location.
However it is also possible to plan everything without using drag and drop at all Drag & Drop

Instructions#

An instruction is a single command that the application will execute. Each instruction has a different purpose and can control various types of equipment, set parameters or are utility functions to automate the imaging process.
A complete list of available instructions can be found on the right side of the sequencer page and each instruction will have a small description as well as a tooltip of its purpose. Instructions can be added to the sequencer and the specific parameters can be set there. The sequencer will then go through each instruction and process them. From the available list, instructions can be dragged over from the right side to the left side and dropped into the sequencer.
Instructions

Furthermore instructions can also be directly added into the sequence by clicking on the + button on the top.
Add Instructions

Details#

Once an instruction is part of the sequencer, it will show the specific options for each instruction to customize the behavior. For example an item can be set to cool down the camera to a specific temperature, another item set to switch to a specific filter etc. Instructions in Detail

Validations#

Each instruction is capable of doing some degree of validation and will check if the preconditions are met. For example when a camera is connected without a cooling element, and a "Cool Camera" instruction is dragged into the sequence, the instruction will show a visual indicator, as well as a tooltip showing the issues.
Issues

Tip

Instructions that report issues will always be skipped and will not run at all!

Instruction Sets#

Instruction sets are groups of instructions. Each set will process its content, based on the parameters inside the set. Their behavior can be further controlled by loop conditions and triggers, which is described further below. Instruction sets can be added to the sequencer in the same way as instructions. Furthermore it is possible to nest instruction sets inside of each other. Add Instructions Set

Sequential Instruction Set#

This instruction set will process the instructions one after the other, from top to bottom. Sequential Instruction Set

Parallel Instruction Set#

All instructions inside this special instruction set will be processed in parallel. As everything will run in parallel there are no conditions or triggers available for this set. Parallel Instruction Set

Deep Sky Object Set#

This special set of instructions behaves similar to a sequential instruction set. The main difference here is, that a specific target can be specified with coordinates and rotation and then all instructions that are dependent on coordinates or rotation will pick up these coordinates automatically, so a user does not need to enter these coordinates multiple times. Deep Sky Object Set

Loop Conditions#

Loop conditions will drive the behavior of an instruction set. Without a condition, an instruction set will just process each sequence item inside once and is finished. This behavior will be changed, when loop conditions are attached. When an instruction set has a loop condition attached, it will process its items and loop itself again as long as the attached loop conditions are fullfilled. Once at least one of these loop conditions is not fullfilled anymore (e.g. a condition to loop until a specific time and the time has passed) the current instruction will be finished and afterwards the rest of the instructions will be skipped and the instruction set will be finished. Conditions will be evaluated after each instruction. These conditions can be dragged and dropped into the loop condition section inside an instruction set. Loop Conditions Loop conditions can also be directly attached to an instruction set by clicking the + icon next to the loop conditions section inside an instruction set.
Add Loop Conditions

As instruction sets can be nested, the loop conditions are also evaluated for the current instruction set and all loop conditions that are in a parent instruction set.
Let's take a look at the below example to give an example. The top level instruction set has a condition attached to loop until 12:24:09h. Then there are two further instruction sets inside that should loop 2 times and 3 times respectively. Nested Conditions The following will happen in this case:
- The first instruction set will loop 2 times. After each instruction the parent condition will be checked too, that the remaining time is still sufficient to continue.
- Afterwards the second instruction set will loop 3 times. After each instruction the parent condition will be checked too, that the remaining time is still sufficient to continue.
- Once both instruction sets are finished, the whole set will be reset again, as the "Loop Until Time" condition is still valid
- This behavior will repeat until the Time is up. Once this happens all items inside this whole set will be skipped

Triggers#

Triggers are instructions that should only happen when certain events occur. These triggers can be attached to an instruction set. When attached, they will get evaluated after each instruction inside the set, similar like loop conditions are evaluated. When the defined event occurred for the trigger to fire, the trigger will execute its instruction. An example is to trigger something after a certain amount of exposures. The lightning icon next to an instruction on the right side will indicate that the instruction is in fact a trigger. These can only be dragged into the trigger section of an instruction set. Additionally a trigger can directly be added to an instruction set by clicking on the + button. Add Triggers Triggers

As triggers are evaluated in the same fashion as loop conditions, you can set triggers on a higher level and they get still evaluated when the current instruction that is executed is part of a nested instruction set. In the below example the trigger will fire after every 5 exposures, even though the trigger is defined on a higher level than the actual exposure item. Nested Triggers

Templates#

A template is a set of various customized instructions set up with predefined values to be re-used constantly. To be able to quickly set up a sequence for an imaging run, the templates will take a key part and enable the possibility to easily create specific types of sequences in a matter of no time.
Each instruction set is capable of being templated. When a set is templated, all its content and the values set inside are saved and put into the template. When the template is then added to the sequence again, it will create a copy of it and create an instruction set that is exactly set up like the templated set.
The templates are located on the right sidebar when switching to the templates tab. A couple of basic templates are provided with the application.
Templates

User specific templates are listed below the basic templates. User Templates

To create a user template an instruction needs to be added to the sequencer. Then the desired instructions, triggers and loop conditions should be added to the instruction set. Once the instruction set is set up with all desired parameters a click on the save button next to the instruction set will save it as a template. Then the name of the instruction set will be taken for the template name and a new template will be shown in the sidebar. When a name is already taken, the application will ask if the existing template should be overwritten. Save As Template

Furthermore it is possbile to just drag and drop the instruction set into the template area to create a new one. Save As Template Drag Drop

Tip

Templates using a Deep Sky Object Set will be available for selection in the sky atlas and framing assistant to be used to add targets to a sequence

Shortcuts#

Key Command Note
Ctrl+S Saves the current sequence
Ctrl+Shift+S Saves the current sequence to a new file
Ctrl+O Opens an existing sequence
Alt Duplicate the current instruction or instruction set When in the process of dragging an instruction or instruction set to a new location